Mountains and moorlands can be treacherous places without proper care so here are some tips for when you are out on the fells.
Prepare and plan
Wear suitable clothing and footwear
Wear suitable footwear with a treaded sole, and which provides support for ankles.
Take ample food and drink for each member of the party.
Take a map and compass are essential kit and should be easily accessible. (A mobile phone and GPS are useful tools but don't rely on your mobile to get you out of trouble – in may areas of the mountains there is no signal coverage)
Take a whistle and learn the signal for rescue.
A torch (plus spare batteries and bulbs) is a must. Use it for signalling in the same pattern as for whistle blasts.
Emergency survival kit comprising spare clothing and a bivvi bag.
Before you set out
Charge your phone battery!
Check the weather forecast and local conditions.
Eat well before you start out.
Leave your route plan including start and finish points, estimated time of return and contact details with an appropriate party.
On the hill
Keep an eye on the weather and be prepared to turn back if conditions turn against you, even if this upsets a long planned adventure.
Make sure party leaders are experienced. Keep together, allow the slowest member of the party to determine the pace, and take special care of the youngest and weakest in dangerous places.
Watch for signs of hypothermia, particularly in bad weather – disorientation, shivering, tiredness, pale complexion and loss of circulation in hands or toes, discarding of vital clothing. Children and older people are especially susceptible.
If you prefer to go alone, be aware of the additional risk. Let people know your route before you start, stick to it as far as you can and notify them of any changes.
If you think you need mountain rescue, get a message to the Police (999) as soon as possible and keep injured/exhausted people safe and warm until help reaches you.
Thanks to Mountain Rescue for this advice. For more information, advice visit their website here
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